Today, Saturday, is a special day in our country. It is this day that we celebrate “The day of freedom”, to remember the ending of World War Two. Yesterday we honoured those who have fallen during that war. This brings me to the most well known victim of the the war.
Someone who has everything to do with books and writing. A Dutch girl that everyone in the world knows. A book that is to be found in most book cabinets around the globe. Anne Frank and her diary. In my country it is a must read. I think it could not do any harm for other people around the globe to read it as well. If you have not read it, or do not know of Anne, let me introduce her to you.
Annelies Marie Frank, Anne, was born on June 12, 1929. Three years after her sister Marot. They, and centuries of relatives, were born in Germany. Their father was Otto Frank and their mother Edith Frank-Holländer. The family was Jewish and German. Due to growing anti-Semitism in their home country, Germany, the family decides to move to The Netherlands in the summer of 1933.
The family feels save in The Netherlands, until the Germans invade the country s in May 1940. When Anne celebrates her 13th birthday on June 12, 1942 she gets a diary for her birthday. She starts writing in it immediately. Sister Margo receives a summon to work in a camp in Germany shortly after that. The family moves to their now famous secret hiding place, now the Anne Frank Museum in Amsterdam.
The hiding place is situated in an empty part of a building, owned by father Otto’s company. That part is concealed by a bookcase, which could open like a door. Four employees of the business help the family while they are in hiding. Anne is glad that she can write down her thoughts and emotions in here diary, since the family has to keep quiet all the time.
The family live their lives in hiding for two years. But then… On August 4, 1944, they found out they have been betrayed. An SS-officer and three Dutch policemen find them. All the people in the house were arrested. Two of Otto’s employees rescue Anne’s Diaries.
On September 3, 1944 Anne and her family are transported to Auschwitz-Birkenau. In the end of October she and her sister Marot are moved to Bergen-Belsen. They both die of typhus in March 1945. Just a view weeks before the British Army liberated the camp. Their mother died previously, their father survives the ordeal. When he returns to Amsterdam he is given Anne’s diaries. He decides to get it published, since he is sure them would have been her last wish…
You can find the diary and books on Anne Frank here.